Working Poverty and Labour Rights
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Working Poverty and Labour Rights

Working poverty and labour rights

Liu Ka-yee's ‘Cleaner's Theme Park’ which was displayed at ‘Poverty. Full-time.’ An art exhibition on working poverty. (Photo: Ducky Tse)

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The Situation

Working poverty has become a serious issue. According to the Hong Kong Poverty Situation Report 2020, before policy intervention, over 805,000 people made up the working poor in Hong Kong. Since the minimum wage was introduced in 2011, it has always lagged behind inflation and has thus continued to keep many who work poor.

After many years of advocacy on Oxfam and other civil society groups' part, the current administration proposed in its latest policy address (2022) that it would conduct a study on how it could optimise the statutory minimum wage level review mechanism, including the review cycle. Oxfam believes that reviewing the cycle is a good opportunity to implement a yearly review, and establish a mechanism that reviews the minimum wage based on the three principles above. Oxfam also calls on the government and other employers (that are able) to go one step further and pay wage earners a living wage (the latest living wage level in 2023 is no less than HK$60.1 per hour). 

Living Wage

the official website for the Living Wage Charter

Oxfam recognises employers who pay a living wage and will award the 'Living Wage Employer Logo' to acknowledge their responsible wage policy. This logo can be used on eligible applicants' social media, websites, or other promotional materials. Employers can apply for the 'Living Wage Employer Logo' on this page.

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Making Poverty Wages

Madame Hing

‘Usually, people cover their noses when they’re around cleaners, but after the exhibition, some of the residents would cheer me on when they see me; they make me feel respected.’ 

-Madam Hing

Madam Hing is proud to see her own photo displayed at the exhibition, calling for care on the situations of grassroot workers. (Photo: Derek Yung)

‘The garbage stinks to high heaven, especially when I come in on summer mornings,’ said Madam Hing, who has been working as a cleaner for 11 years.

It’s not just the pungent odour she needs to deal with though. ‘When bags of rubbish fall through the refuse chute into the garbage bins, shards of glass and other rubbish fly in all directions, easily hurting anyone around,’ she said explaining the dangers of her work.

Hing works nine hours a day and makes minimum wage. She said, ‘Every day I throw out hundreds of kilograms of garbage and it’s quite physically taxing. Sometimes, I really wish I could take a day off to rest.’ Although labour laws require employees to take a day off for every six days of work, employers often pressure employees to continue working, using what little they make in a day as motivation and the lack of manpower as an excuse. This, however, means many low-income workers need to work continuously for extended periods of time.

Aside from long working hours, these workers also lack labour protection. ‘Every few years, employers make us sign new contracts so that we aren’t able to receive Long Service Payment,’ said Hing annoyedly. She went on, ‘Minimum wage is too low; it should be raised.’

To help the public better understand the challenges those in working poverty face, we partnered with photographer Ducky Tse to hold ‘Poverty. Full-time: An art exhibition on working poverty’ in January 2017. Not only did the exhibition draw many visitors, it also garnered much media attention and helped the wider public better understand and even change their attitudes towards low-income workers.

Oxfam has long been concerned about the difficulties low-income workers face. That’s why we’ll continue fighting to bring change to labour laws. We’re doing everything from calling on the government to review minimum wage and ensuring it keeps up with inflation, to urging it to improve labour protection for those employed under non-continuous contracts.


'Street cleaners are the true pride of Hong Kong!'

- Ng On-yee

Women’s world snooker champion Ng On-yee got a taste of what being a cleaner was like, as she took part in curator Ducky Tse’s photo shoot for  the exhibition. 


Poverty. Full-time

Poverty. Full-time. 

In January 2017, Oxfam partnered with photographer Ducky Tse to organise ‘Poverty. Full-time. An art exhibition on working poverty’. Eleven visual art teams participated in it to encourage the public to reflect on the value of labour. Learn more about the exhibition below.

Learn more


Together, we can transform more lives!

Give once Donate monthly

Oxfam’s Policy research and advocacy (selected)

SEPT 2023Gaping wealth gap leaves Hong Kong's poorest making 57.7 times less than richest while struggling to recover post-pandemic
apr 2023Oxfam launches Living Wage Charter to encourage employers to pay living wage
apr 20232022 Hong Kong Living Wage Study (Chi Only)
Apr 2023Living Wage Charter
JAN 2023最低工資未能改善貧富懸殊 無助基層疫後復元 (Chi Only)
oct 2022Poorest make over 47 times less than richest in Hong Kong as COVID widens gap between rich and poor 
may 2022就「檢討法定最低工資水平」的意見書 (Chi Only)
APR 2022陽性結果網上申報程序繁複 僱傭修訂條例未通過 基層工友難獲應得病假津貼 (Chi Only)
Dec 2o2oHong Kong Poverty Report: COVID-19's Effects on Unemployment and the Poor
mar 2020Employment Situation Amidst the Epidemic
Dec 2018Report on Hong Kong Living Wage Research
oct 2018Hong Kong Inequality Report
jun 2017Research on Low-Income Casual Work in Hong Kong