Mainland China - Development Programmes - What We Do - Oxfam Hong Kong
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Mainland China

Caption: We work together with partners like civil society organisations, government departments at all levels and research institutions to carry out disaster risk reduction and relief work, as well as rural and urban livelihood and advocacy programmes.

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Over the past 30 years, there has been significant progress in mainland China. However, many of the poorest who live in/from rural areas, such as ‘left-behind’ seniors, women and children, migrant children and workers, and domestic workers still live in relative poverty. Although the Chinese government has invested more resources in education, health, rural infrastructure and dealing with the aging population*, the gap between the rich and the poor in the Mainland remains wide (Gini coefficient in the Mainland: 0.57)

Oxfam has been working in China for over 36 years. As of March 2023, we have supported a total of over 4,000 projects in 31 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities, and spent more than HK$1.8 billion. More than 14.7 million people in China have benefited; these include poor farmers, ethnic minorities, migrant workers, women and children.

Oxfam believes that over the next few decades, social inequality will continue to be an issue in mainland China, especially in terms of the the gap between urban and rural areas, and the rights of migrant workers and their families. 

In 2015, 2018 and 2020, Oxfam Hong Kong was awarded the Kumquat Award by the China Foundation Evaluation List. The award recognises outstanding foundations' and organisations' contributions in NGO development. The China Foundation Evaluation List was jointly established by five charity organisations in the Mainland in 2013. Every year, it invites NGOs to conduct independent evaluations of their funders and jointly promote NGO development. 

*According to the data published in 2021, 12.6 per cent of the population in mainland China is 65 or above; this number will rise to 20 per cent by 2030.

 Learn more: Oxfam in China Programme Brief